My Journal #08 My Journal #08

Presentation, Practice & Production


Presentation is to show, explain, clarify and simplify something to someone. Usually we present new subjects to our students. We use different techniques to deliver or explain a specific skill to our students. Mainly our stages’ aims in the presentations are students will learn, understand, know, etc. about something.

‘be exposed to’, ‘gain awareness of’ ---- learn and know are a bit extreme for most presentations given that we can not always be sure that what we teach is what the students learn  J


The teachers will explain or help the students to discover the skill they are supposed to learn in the stage. On the other hand, students will be learning something new. While planning the presentation we should consider the ability of the students.

Nice J



In this stage student will recall, revise and reuse the skills they learned in previous stages/lessons. Most of the practice aims are students will practice, review and use the skills that they have just learned.

Under guidelines and parameters set by the teacher that controls the stage and ensures the students cannot deviate from what needs to be practised.


 The teacher will monitor, check and correct the students’ mistakes if needed. Most of the time, students will be involved in these kind of stages. They will be answering the tasks or solving equations by using what they learned in previous stages/lessons. While planning a practice stage we have to bear in mind what they learned. The task should be challenging and achievable.

Very well phrased J





Production stage is a kind of mixture of the two above (presentation & practice).

No. It is a freer practice if you like which has few parameters or guidelines and mirrors reality as closely as possible. A good example would be our lessons with Steve, Ruth, Phil & Hedley’s presentations which include a lot of practice within them, the mini-teaching sessions we do on Saturdays which are definite practice sessions and then your teaching at the Navy which is definite production.


 I think, students in this stage will use what they know to discover what they don’t know. Usually students will use their knowledge answering or doing an activity to be exposed to a new skill or information. The best thing to use in this stage is association technique so the students will build their knowledge by using some thing familiar to them.

No – association is a presentation technique to help students build on their existing knowledge to understand something new.


 The aim of the production stage is to let the students explore and discover something by themselves.

Yes – this is true but ‘themselves’ indicates there are no parameters and no fixed presentation aims which means that the teacher does not control what is being learned.


 The teacher will mostly not interfere in the students’ activity, but he will be guiding them to the correct way to achieve the aim.

Not exactly – he will have guided the students earlier at the presentation and practice stages and obviously hopes the students will use the knowledge gained in those two stages during the production phase.


 Students will be completely involved in this kind of stage. We have to consider students’ knowledge and ability while planning the production stage.

Good points.


Regarding my mini-teaching on Saturday:

I have just received the material which will be taught on Tuesday. On Wednesday I will know my part in it.

Let me know Khalid – thanks J


Phil J